Romania is to implement a new system for monitoring the transport of goods with high tax risk such as vegetables, fruits, beverages, construction materials, clothing, footwear, iron, and steel products in the territory of Romania. The system is developed by the Ministry of Finance and ANAF with the aims of reducing the fiscal gap and preventing fraud in the trade of high-risk goods. The so-called ‘’RO e-Transport System’’ will enable the relevant authorities to monitor the transport of goods with high fiscal risk by providing pieces of information about them such as their names, characteristics, quantities, values, loading and unloading places, the details of the transport vehicle used (plate, carrier name, etc.). A unique generated code named ‘’ITU Code’’ will be used to identify such information. Importers and exporters will be directly affected by the new system and will have to comply with RO e-Transport as of July 2022. There will be a financial penalty for non-compliance between 5,000 lei and 100,000 lei.